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This effect is reversible after cessation of fluoxetine treatment discount lasix 100mg line blood pressure chart new zealand. Phospholipid accumulation in animals has been observed with many cationic amphiphilic drugs buy discount lasix 100 mg online heart attack ft thea austin eye of the tiger, including fenfluramine buy lasix 100mg without prescription heart attack xanax, imipramine discount 40 mg lasix with mastercard heart attack pain in arm, and ranitidine. The significance of this effect in humans is unknown. In a juvenile toxicology study in CD rats, administration of 30 mg/kg of fluoxetine hydrochloride on postnatal days 21 through 90 resulted in increased serum activities of creatine kinase (CK) and aspartate aminotransferase (AST), which were accompanied microscopically by skeletal muscle degeneration, necrosis and regeneration. Other findings in rats administered 30 mg/kg included degeneration and necrosis of seminiferous tubules of the testis, epididymal epithelial vacuolation, and immaturity and inactivity of the female reproductive tract. Plasma levels achieved in these animals at 30 mg/kg were approximately 5- to 8-fold (fluoxetine) and 18- to 20-fold (norfluoxetine), and at 10 mg/kg approximately 2-fold (fluoxetine) and 8-fold (norfluoxetine) higher compared to plasma concentrations usually achieved in pediatric patients. Following an approximate 11-week recovery period, sperm assessments in the 30-mg/kg males only, indicated an approximately 30% decrease in sperm concentrations without affecting sperm morphology or motility. Microscopic evaluation of testes and epididymides of these 30-mg/kg males indicated that testicular degeneration was irreversible. Delays in sexual maturation occurred in the 10-mg/kg males and in the 30-mg/kg males and females. The significance of these findings in humans is unknown. Femur lengths at 30 mg/kg increased to a lesser extent compared with control rats. Indianapolis, IN 46285, USAThe information in this monograph is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, drug interactions or adverse effects. This information is generalized and is not intended as specific medical advice. If you have questions about the medicines you are taking or would like more information, check with your doctor, pharmacist, or nurse. Find out why Prozac is prescribed, side effects of Prozac, Prozac warnings, effects of Prozac during pregnancy, more - in plain English. Brand names: Prozac, SarafemProzac is prescribed for the treatment of depression --that is, a continuing depression that interferes with daily functioning. The symptoms of major depression often include changes in appetite, sleep habits, and mind/body coordination; decreased sex drive; increased fatigue; feelings of guilt or worthlessness; difficulty concentrating; slowed thinking; and suicidal thoughts. Prozac is also prescribed to treat obsessive-compulsive disorder. The drug is also used in the treatment of bulimia (binge-eating followed by deliberate vomiting). It has also been used to treat other eating disorders and obesity. In addition, Prozac is used to treat panic disorder, including panic associated with agoraphobia (a severe fear of being in crowds or public places). People with panic disorder usually suffer from panic attacks--feelings of intense fear that develop suddenly, often for no reason. Various symptoms occur during the attacks, including a rapid or pounding heartbeat, chest pain, sweating, trembling, and shortness of breath. In children and adolescents, Prozac is used to treat major depression and obsessive-compulsive disorder. Under the brand name Sarafem, the active ingredient in Prozac is also prescribed for the treatment of premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD), formerly known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Symptoms of PMDD include mood problems such as anxiety, depression, irritability or persistent anger, mood swings, and tension. Physical problems that accompany PMDD include bloating, breast tenderness, headache, and joint and muscle pain. Prozac is a member of the family of drugs called "selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors. Ordinarily, it is quickly reabsorbed after its release at the junctures between nerves. Re-uptake inhibitors such as Prozac slow this process, thereby boosting the levels of serotonin available in the brain. Most important fact about this drugSerious, sometimes fatal, reactions have been known to occur when Prozac is used in combination with other antidepressant drugs known as MAO inhibitors, including Nardil and Parnate; and when Prozac is discontinued and an MAO inhibitor is started. Never take Prozac with one of these drugs or within at least 14 days of discontinuing therapy with one of them; and allow 5 weeks or more between stopping Prozac and starting an MAO inhibitor. Be especially cautious if you have been taking Prozac in high doses or for a long time. If you are taking any prescription or nonprescription drugs, notify your doctor before taking Prozac. Prozac should be taken exactly as prescribed by your doctor. Make a habit of taking it at the same time you do some other daily activity. For obsessive-compulsive disorder, the full effect may take 5 weeks to appear. If any develop or change in intensity, inform your doctor as soon as possible. Only your doctor can determine if it is safe for you to continue taking Prozac. More common side effects of Prozac may include: Abnormal dreams, abnormal ejaculation, abnormal vision, anxiety, diminished sex drive, dizziness, dry mouth, flu-like symptoms, flushing, gas, headache, impotence, insomnia, itching, loss of appetite, nausea, nervousness, rash, sinusitis, sleepiness, sore throat, sweating, tremors, upset stomach, vomiting, weakness, yawningLess common side effects may include: Abnormal taste, agitation, bleeding problems, chills, confusion, ear pain, emotional instability, fever, frequent urination, high blood pressure, increased appetite, loss of memory, palpitations, ringing in the ears, sleep disorders, weight gainIn children and adolescents, less common side effects may also include: Agitation, excessive menstrual bleeding, frequent urination, hyperactivity, mania or hypomania (inappropriate feelings of elation and/or rapid thoughts), nosebleeds, personality changes, and thirst A wide variety of other very rare reactions have been reported during Prozac therapy. If you develop any new or unexplained symptoms, tell your doctor without delay. If you are sensitive to or have ever had an allergic reaction to Prozac or similar drugs such as Paxil and Zoloft, you should not take this medication. Make sure that your doctor is aware of any drug reactions that you have experienced. Likewise, do not start taking Mellaril within 5 weeks of stopping Prozac. Special warnings about this medicationUnless you are directed to do so by your doctor, do not take this medication if you are recovering from a heart attack or if you have liver disease or diabetes. Prozac may cause you to become drowsy or less alert and may affect your judgment. Therefore, driving or operating dangerous machinery or participating in any hazardous activity that requires full mental alertness is not recommended. While taking this medication, you may feel dizzy or light-headed or actually faint when getting up from a lying or sitting position. If you develop a skin rash or hives while taking Prozac, discontinue use of the medication and notify your doctor immediately. Prozac should be used with caution if you have a history of seizures. You should discuss all of your medical conditions with your doctor before taking this medication. Prozac can occasionally cause decreased appetite and weight loss, especially in depressed people who are already underweight and in those with bulimia.
They may speak in a monotone and report that they have no emotions at all buy 100 mg lasix with visa arteria3d unity. They appear to others as strange cheap 100 mg lasix with visa blood pressure 3 year old, disconcerting people who have odd speech habits and who live socially marginal lives buy on line lasix blood pressure pictures. Cognitive deficits include impairment in attention purchase lasix with visa hypertension xanax, processing speed, working memory, abstract thinking, problem solving, and understanding social interactions. For example, a person whose symptoms are most often colored by feelings of persecution is said to have "paranoid schizophrenia;" a person who is often incoherent but has no delusions is said to have "disorganized schizophrenia. Negative or deficit schizophrenia refers to the lack or absence of initiative, motivation, social interest, enjoyment and emotional responsiveness. Because schizophrenia can vary from person to person in intensity, severity and frequency of both psychotic and residual symptoms, many scientists use the word "schizophrenia" to describe a spectrum of illnesses that range from relatively mild to severe. Others think of schizophrenia as a group of related disorders, much as "cancer" describes many different but related illnesses. Schizophrenia is a relatively modest risk factor for violent behavior. Threats of violence and minor aggressive outbursts are far more common than seriously dangerous behavior. Patients more likely to engage in significant violence include those with substance abuse, persecutory delusions, or command hallucinations and those who do not take their prescribed drugs. Very rarely, a severely depressed, isolated, paranoid person attacks or murders someone whom he perceives as the single source of his difficulties (eg, an authority, a celebrity, his spouse). Patients with schizophrenia may present in an emergency setting with threats of violence to obtain food, shelter, or needed care. About 24 million people worldwide suffer from schizophrenia; meaning about 150 of every 100,000 persons will develop schizophrenia. Schizophrenia affects men and women equally, however its onset in women is typically five years later than with men. Though it is a relatively rare illness, its early age of onset and the lifelong disability, emotional and financial devastation it brings to its victims and their families make schizophrenia one of the most catastrophic mental illnesses. Schizophrenia fills more hospital beds than almost any other illness, and Federal figures reflect the cost of schizophrenia to be from $30 billion to $48 billion in direct medical costs, lost productivity and Social Security pensions. According to the World Health Organization, more than 50% of persons worldwide with schizophrenia are not receiving appropriate care. In years past, psychiatric researchers theorized that schizophrenia arose from bad parenting. A cold, distant and unfeeling mother was called "schizophrenigenic" because it was believed that such a mother could, through inadequate care, cause the symptoms of schizophrenia. While scientists have long known that the illness runs in families, much of the recent research evidence supports the linking of schizophrenia to heredity. For example, studies show that children with one parent suffering from schizophrenia have an 8 to 18 percent chance of developing the illness, even if they were adopted by mentally healthy parents. If both parents suffer from schizophrenia, the risk rises to between 15 and 50 percent. Children whose biological parents are mentally healthy but whose adoptive parents suffer from schizophrenia have a one percent chance of developing the disease, the same rate as the general population. Moreover, if one identical twin suffers from schizophrenia, there is a 50 to 60 percent chance that the sibling--who has identical genetic make-up also has schizophrenia. Like many genetically related illnesses, schizophrenia appears when the body is undergoing the hormonal and physical changes of adolescence. Because structure and biochemistry change dramatically in teen and young adult years, some researchers suggest that schizophrenia lies "dormant" during childhood. It emerges as the body and brain undergo changes during puberty. Similarly, a genetically determined sensitivity could mean the brain of a person with schizophrenia is more prone to be affected by certain biochemicals, or that it produces inadequate or excessive amounts of biochemicals needed to maintain mental health. These theories arise from the ability of researchers to see the structure and activity of the brain through very sophisticated medical technology. For example:Using computer images of brain activity, scientists have learned that a part of the brain called the prefrontal cortex--which governs thought and higher mental functions--"lights up" when healthy people are given an analytical task. This area of the brain remains quiet in those with schizophrenia who are given the same task. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and other techniques have suggested that the neural connections and circuits between the temporal lobe structures and the prefrontal cortex may be have an abnormal structure or may function abnormally. The prefrontal cortex in the brains of some schizophrenia sufferers appears to have either atrophied or developed abnormally. Computed axial tomography or CAT scans have shown subtle abnormalities in the brains of some people suffering from schizophrenia. The ventricles--the fluid-filled spaces within the brain--are larger in the brains of some people with schizophrenia. Like the autoimmune diseases, schizophrenia is not present at birth but develops during adolescence or young adulthood. It comes and goes in cycles of remission and relapse, and it runs in families. Because of these similarities, scientists suspect schizophrenia could fall into the autoimmune category. Some scientists think genetics, autoimmune illness and viral infections combine to cause schizophrenia. This is similar to the theories about arthritis, in which the immune system is thought to attack the joints. The genes of people with schizophrenia may tell the immune system to attack the brain after a viral infection. This theory is supported by the discovery that the blood of people with schizophrenia contains antibodies--immune system cells--specific to the brain. Moreover, researchers in a National Institute of Mental Health study found abnormal proteins in the fluid that surrounds the brain and spinal cord in 30 percent of people with schizophrenia but in none of the mentally healthy people they studied. These same proteins are found in 90 percent of the people who have suffered herpes simplex encephalitis, an inflammation of the brain caused by the family of viruses that causes warts and other illnesses. Finally, some scientists suspect a viral infection during pregnancy. Many people suffering from schizophrenia were born in late winter or early spring. That timing means their mothers may have suffered from a slow virus during the winter months of their pregnancy. The virus could have infected the baby to produce pathological changes over many years after birth. Coupled with a genetic vulnerability, a virus could trigger schizophrenia. Most psychiatrists today believe that the above--genetic predisposition, environmental factors such as viral infection, stressors from the environment such as poverty and emotional or physical abuse--form a constellation of "stress factors" that should be taken into account in understanding schizophrenia.
Keep that in mind order lasix 40mg without a prescription arrhythmia ventricular tachycardia, and keep reassuring the depressed person that purchase genuine lasix line heart attack ecg, with time and help 100mg lasix fast delivery blood pressure for heart attack, he or she will feel better purchase lasix 40mg line hypertension symptoms. Depression saps energy and self-esteem and makes a person feel tired, worthless, helpless, and hopeless. Therefore,Seriously depressed people need encouragement from family and friends to seek depression treatment to ease their pain. Some people need even more help, becoming so depressed, they must be taken for treatment. A complete psychological diagnostic evaluation will help decide what type of depression treatment might be best for the person. If you need to locate a psychologist or psychiatrist, you can contact the Psychological Association or Medical Society (for psychiatrists) in your county or state to receive a referral. You can also get a referral from your family doctor, county mental health association or local psychiatric hospitals. Carol is a depression sufferer, her periodic acute bouts of medication-resistant depression, are only responsive to ECT (electroconvulsive therapy). Back from the Brink: 12 Australians Tell Their Raw Stories of Overcoming Depression. Rappaport was interviewed by HealthyPlace Mental Health TV. Postpartum Depression For DummiesHealthyPlace Mental Health TV interviewed Ms. The Irritable Male Syndrome: Understanding and Managing the 4 Key Causes of Depression and Aggression By: Jed DiamondJed Diamond was a guest on our HealthyPlace TV show. He talked about the health and well-being of mid-life men, and why they turn mean. He is a psychotherapist who runs a community health center. More importantly, he has suffered from depression himself. The difference is that Styron came out on the other side of this malady, saw it for what it was. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), once known as shock therapy, has a checkered past. Because people associate ECT with abuse and inhumane treatment of patients, many people are unwilling to talk about their personal ECT stories. However, most people who have had the treatment have stories of ECT that are positive and lead to their recovery and going on to regain their lives. Personal ECT stories are critical to share because they talk about ECT, not from the perspective of a doctor but from that of a patient. Patients can express and address the same fears and concerns as the reader. In a first-hand ECT story, the patient can outline how it feels to get ECT, and not just the clinical procedure. These ECT stories ??? good or bad ??? give real faces and meaning to a treatment that most have only seen inaccurately portrayed in movies. Real ECT stories work to reduce the stigma associated with the treatment. They provide hope to others that may be considering this treatment. Electroconvulsive therapy, once known as shock therapy, is a safe and effective treatment for depression and other mental illnesses. Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is most often used in cases of severe, intractable, hard to treat (treatment-resistant) depression. Generally, ECT is a short-term treatment where the patient receives 6-12 treatments over the course of 2-4 weeks. However, in some cases continuation ECT or maintenance ECT is used. These two therapies continue ECT beyond the initial 6-12 sessions used in acute treatment. This initial acute treatment is known as an "index series" or a "course" of ECT. Most frequently, prevention of relapse is accomplished through the use of medication but continuation ECT has also been shown effective for the prevention of illness relapse. Continuation ECT is electroconvulsive therapy continued for approximately the six months following the initial index series. Continuation ECT involves a treatment once every 1-6 weeks. Continuation ECT is typically used for patients who have initially positively responded to ECT and can give informed consent for its further use. Often those who do not respond to medication choose continuation ECT. Maintenance ECT consists of ECT treatments given infrequently over a long period of time after the index series and continuation ECT. The goal of maintenance ECT is to prevent the reoccurrence of the mental illness. Maintenance ECT may be given for months or even years with approximately one ECT treatment every three weeks. Maintenance ECT has been shown safe and effective in preventing illness reoccurrence. When maintenance ECT is combined with psychiatric medication treatment, it appears to be more effective than either medication or maintenance ECT alone. For some, the probable cause or causes of their depression can be found but for many, it cannot. Depression is thought to be caused by a combination of genetic, physical and psychological factors. Here is a look at what can, and cannot, cause depression. Birth control comes in many forms but all birth control contains differing amounts of estrogen and progestin (including progestin-only pills). While hormones are known to play a role in depression, birth control rarely causes depression; although it is more likely in pills higher in progestin. Depression has been reported as a birth control side effect; however, birth control pills have also been shown safe in women with depression. Alcohol is a depressant and acts on the brain in varied and complex ways. Among other things, alcohol affects serotonin and glutamate, two chemicals thought to play a role in depression and about 40% of those who drink heavily show depressive symptoms. While alcohol likely does not cause depression directly, drinking does increase the risk of depression and tends to worsen existing depression symptoms. Alcohol can also cause severe interactions with some depression medications.
The major mental illnesses are thought to have a prevalence of 5% (United States National Institute of Mental Health statistics) buy discount lasix 40 mg line blood pressure medication hctz. Schizophrenia itself has a lifetime prevalence of 1 in 100 purchase online lasix hypertension zolpidem. Your knowledge will arm you against any ignorance you meet proven 40 mg lasix blood pressure gap. You will feel satisfaction in being able to impart the knowledge you have learned buy lasix 40mg visa arrhythmia fainting. When serious illness hits a family all the usual, well-known behaviors of all the members are upset. Because schizophrenia is a disease so closely associated with feelings and perceptions it is all the more important that the family react without too much display of emotion. It is also important that the person with the disorder does not feel abandoned because everyone is so perplexed. Quiet reassurances of love and respect are needed between all members of the family. Source: World Fellowship for Schizophrenia and Allied DisordersHTTP/1. Sometimes it is done to obtain sympathy, to act out anger or even to control the behavior of others. When you discuss a condition with a person in a chat room or reply to questions and comments on a message board, you may be communicating with a person who is just faking the problem. That person may also be playing several roles in the chat room or message board. Feldman MD, who has followed patients with this condition over the years, gives tips for recognizing this syndrome on the Net. Online Support for People with Illness - The Internet is amedium of choice for millions of people who need health-related information. Medical websites have multiplied exponentially over the past several years. Thousands of virtual support groups have sprung up for those suffering from particular illnesses. Whether formatted as chat rooms, as newsgroups, or in other ways, they offer patients and families the chance to share their hopes, fears, and knowledge with others experiencing life as they are. These online groups can counter isolation and serve as bastions of understanding, deep concern, and even affection. Unfortunately, cyberspace resources are sometimes deliberately misused by people intent on deceiving others. False product claims in spam are perhaps the best-known example. But even in the relative intimacy of health support groups, individuals may choose to mislead others by pretending to have illnesses they do not. They divert the attention of the group toward their feigned battles with cancer, multiple sclerosis, anorexia nervosa, or other ailments. The eventual discovery of the deceptions can be devastating. One group member called it "emotional rape" to have cared so deeply about a person who lied to her and others from his first post on. Munchausen by Internet - For decades, physicians have known about so-called factitious disorder, better known in its severe form as Munchausen syndrome (Feldman Ford, 1995). Here, people willfully fake or produce illness to command attention, obtain lenience, act out anger, or control others. Though feeling well, they may bound into hospitals, crying out or clutching their chests with dramatic flair. Once admitted, they send the staff on one medical goose chase after another. If suspicions are raised or the ruse is uncovered, they quickly move on to a new hospital, town, state, or in the worst cases ? country. Like traveling performers, they simply play their role again. I coined the terms "virtual factitious disorder" (Feldman, Bibby, Crites, 1998) and "Munchausen by Internet" (Feldman, 2000) to refer to people who simplify this "real-life" process by carrying out their deceptions online. Instead of seeking care at numerous hospitals, they gain new audiences merely by clicking from one support group to another. Under the guise of illness, they can also join multiple groups simultaneously. Using different names and accounts, they can even sign on to one group as a stricken patient, his frantic mother, and his distraught son all to make the ruse utterly convincing. Clues to Detection of False Claims - Based on experience with two dozen cases of Munchausen by Internet, I have arrived at a list of clues to the detection of factititous Internet claims. Lessons - Perhaps the most important lesson is that, while most people visiting support groups are honest, all members must balance empathy with circumspection. Group members should be especially careful about basing their own health care decisions on uncorroborated information supplied in groups. When Munchausen by Internet seems likely, it is best to have a small number of established members gently, empathically, and privately question the author of the dubious posts. Even though the typical response is vehement denial regardless of the strength of the evidence, the author typically will eventually disappear from the group. Remaining members may need to enlist help in processing their feelings, ending any bickering or blaming, and refocusing the group on its original laudable goal. Southern Journal of Medicine, 93, 669-672Feldman, M. Western Journal of Medicine, 168, 537-539Feldman, M. In these disorders, people cook up or induce fictitious illnesses in themselves or others in an effort to gain sympathy. Feldman points out that the overall rate of these disorders, named for a German baron famed for his tall tales, is low: "In real life... My sense is, at least at this point, I have to believe the same is true for online [Munchausen]. They describe the worsening of an illness, followed by a miraculous recovery. They give light-hearted descriptions of serious medical problems. In one, a "young woman" held a support group spellbound with the tale of her struggle with cystic fibrosis. In another, group members were duped by a person claiming to be a 15-year-old-boy with migraine headaches, a blood disorder, and a seizure disorder -- who also happened to be a fourth-year medical student.
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